After wisdom teeth, the maxillary canines (upper eye teeth) are the 2nd most common teeth to become impacted and impeded from erupting into a functional position within the mouth. Canines have the longest roots of any teeth and are very important for chewing as well as appearance. Every effort should be made to bring these teeth into a healthy and functional position.
Maxillary canine teeth usually erupt into the mouth at about age 12 or 13 years old. Prior to age 11-12 years old, spontaneous eruption of the canine teeth can be facilitated by treatment which provides enough space for their eruption. This may include the extraction of retained baby teeth or even permanent teeth (most often premolars-teeth just behind the canine teeth) if there is a lack of space. Orthodontic treatment may also be required to create space to allow for the eruption of canine teeth.
If these canine teeth do not erupt spontaneously, every effort should be made to bring them into proper position. Although impacted canines can occur in either the upper or lower jaws, the vast majority occur upper dental arch. Of these, approximately 80% occur in the roof of the mouth. Oral Surgery in conjunction with Orthodontics may be required to facilitate the eruption of these teeth. The most common situation would involve surgical exposure of the affected tooth with a placement of an orthodontic attachment. Approximately 1-2 weeks later, the Orthodontist will start to pull on the canine tooth to guide its eruption.
Early examination including a screening panorex x-ray, is essential to identify if there are any problems with the eruption of the adult teeth. Patients with impacted canines are often referred to our office by an Orthodontist. Dr. Gill will work closely with your orthodontist to get the canine tooth into a healthy and functional position.
Contact Us for More Information About Impacted Canines
Please contact us for information about impacted canines or to arrange for a consultation appointment. Call us at (604) 532-9686 today.
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